Jeet Kune Do Defined
Jeetkunedo, Jeet Kune Do, or JKD was founded by Bruce Lee in 1967. Prior to 1967 Bruce was teaching what he called Jun Fan Gung Fu which was heavily based on Wing Chun Gung Fu. Around 1967, when the term Jeetkunedo first emerged Bruce Lee was making many changes in his fighting philosophy. One major change was the dissolving of trapping which was more dominant in Jun Fan Gung Fu. Based on a simple theory, "If you have time to trap, you have time to hit". Jeetkunedo has a strong foundation in western boxing and fencing unlike its predecessor. Jeetkunedo is based on simplicity, directness and non classical movement (economy of motion).
The Founder - Bruce Lee (1940-1973)
Bruce Lee was an actor, martial artist, philosopher, film director, film producer, screenwriter, the founder of Jun Fun Fan Gung Fu, founder of Jeetkunedo, a cultural icon, and most of all the greatest martial artist of our time. Bruce initially trained in Wing Chun Gung Fu, but later rejected the classical martial arts favoring a more scientific approach. In 1967 Bruce Lee coined the term Jeetkunedo "The Way of The Intercepting Fist", also known as JKD. This was his personal expression of martial arts based on his research and philosophy. The direction and tone of his films changed and influenced martial arts and martial arts action films around the world. Jeetkunedo is only one of Bruce Lee's many legacies that he left the world.
Classic Interviews: Jeet Kune Do Techniques Expert Ted Wong on Bruce Lee and the State of JKD
By Bob Landers (Cofounder of Triad Jeet Kune Do)
Photo by Rick Hustead – September 22, 2014 (2 weeks ago)
Editor's Note: "A lot happened in the jeet kune do world during the past 10 years," as Bob Landers wrote in his introduction to the printed version of this interview, originally published in the May 2008 issue of Black Belt magazine. At the time, Landers wrote, it was "fitting for Ted Wong, the man many consider the foremost authority on Bruce Lee's art, to go on the record." During the course of his interview with Ted Wong — who, sadly, passed away on November 24, 2010 — Landers' goal was to "ask the questions that [had been] on the minds of martial artists but that [hadn't] been addressed by a person of Wong's clout." Ted Wong, age 70 at the time, was still engaged in enhancing his physical ability and intellectual understanding of JKD. In fact, his lifetime of contributions got him inducted into the Black Belt Hall of Fame as the 2006 Man of the Year. At the time of this interview, Ted Wong still "tirelessly toured the world, educating students on the finer points of Lee's legacy and honoring the memory of his teacher and friend." And so it is, through revisiting classic interviews such as this, that Black Belt honors the memory of Lee's student and friend, Ted Wong.
What was your life like before you met Bruce Lee?
I was very busy making a living and raising a family. I was interested in martial arts from an early age. I later became interested in boxing, which I watched on TV quite regularly. When I compared boxing to martial arts, I felt boxing was more realistic. I no longer had an interest in learning martial arts — until I met Bruce Lee.
In 1967 you trained at Bruce Lee's Los Angeles school and with him privately. Shortly thereafter, you began training exclusively at his home. How did that come about?
When I started training at the Chinatown school, I had no prior experience in martial arts. Bruce Lee saw that I was short on skill and knowledge, but I think he recognized that I had heart, that I was dedicated and hardworking. He felt sorry for me because I was the guy that had little knowledge and skill compared to the rest of the group — some of them were black belts and boxing champions. Also, he found that I came from Hong Kong, and we spoke the same language. That's another reason we became good friends.
You've stated that the two of you shared an interest in old-time boxing from the 1920s.
One time, Bruce was reading an encyclopedia of boxing, and he would ask me questions out of it — trivia questions, like the nicknames of champions. He was surprised that I knew the answers. Even though I had no experience in boxing, I had a lot of knowledge of boxing. I read a lot of magazines that had to do with it and knew the history of the champions. This was another reason he took me in. Later on, I found out that boxing was one of the subjects that Bruce was heavily interested in. JKD evolved along the lines of boxing and fencing.
Was the material taught at the school different from what he taught you privately?
It was quite different from what he taught me privately, mainly because the school had a set curriculum, a lesson plan. The school's material was a little more wing chun oriented. I discovered during the private sessions that what he taught me was what he was working on at that time. It was quite a departure from the more classical teaching offered at the school. The private teaching was more of the jeet kune do he was evolving into.
Specifically, how was the art evolving?
In 1967, the early stages of JKD, there was still a heavy wing chun influence in his art. Then he refined and simplified what he was doing, especially the stance. If you look at the stance in 1967 and then in 1971, you can see how he had streamlined it and made it more efficient. In 1967 his art was still wing chun oriented, and the stance was more square and open to allow for traps such as pak sao, lop sao and so on. As he evolved, he realized trapping wasn't that efficient and didn't fit his evolving structure of fighting. When he changed his stance to be more speed oriented, he pretty much eliminated the trapping. If you understand his JKD philosophy of simplicity and directness, [you can understand that] trapping was complex and not very direct. It also included a lot of passive moves — for example, taking several moves to get the job done.
So with the stance change, did trapping and the four-corner parry no longer match the direction he was heading?
The later stance is more for mobility and evasiveness, doing away with the need to parry or block. The earlier stance was good for four-corner-type moves, but it took you away from the power line. The principle of JKD is to not waste motion. Blocking and hitting at the same time is preferred over blocking and then hitting, which takes away your leverage and your power source. The later stance is designed for longer range, allowing you to use interception as the preferred way; thus, it's much faster.
You're one of three people known to have received a JKD certificate from Bruce Lee. How did this come about?
It was a very special moment for me. One evening, I walked into Bruce's house for a lesson. He pointed to the table and said, "This is for you; you should be very proud of it as I don't give many of these out." I realized it was a certificate in jeet kune do. I felt very proud and was at a loss for words.
What were the private training sessions like?
Often, the private lessons were about working on what he wanted or what he was working on at that time. He might use me as a sounding board — for example, he might perform a certain kick and ask me about the speed, power and timing. Sometimes he would work with me on something I was lacking; I recall working on the side kick for two months. Sometimes we would work on fun things like movie choreography: timing, selling the shot, reaction and camera angles. We didn't do a lot of physical training together, but he did set up a program for me to work on my strength. It had weightlifting, and sometimes he would show me specific exercises to work on for punching and kicking strength, and sometimes after the sessions he would take me running.
Do you recall any social events the two of you shared?
I have many fond memories of Bruce besides training. Many times after training, we would have a cold drink and discuss martial arts and philosophy. We went to movies and restaurants, and he liked to make trips to bookstores. He invited me, Herb Jackson and James Lee to visit him in Hong Kong in December 1972. James Lee was quite ill at that time and couldn't make it, so Herb and I took the trip to Hong Kong and stayed at Bruce's house for a couple of weeks. One of the funny things was that Bruce asked us to bring training equipment because he had nothing to train with. So Herb and I packed our suitcases full of training gear and didn't pack any clothing or personal items. We figured we would get necessities when we got there.
TO BE CONTINUED ...
The Protégé - Sifu Ted Wong (1937-2010)
Sifu Ted Wong trained with Bruce Lee from 1967-1973. He had the opportunity to train with Bruce Lee at his martial arts school and privately. During the time that he trained with Bruce they became close friends. Sifu Wong received his certificate in jeetkunedo directly from Bruce Lee. Sifu Wong never had any other martial arts instructor other than Bruce Lee and he continued to practice and teach the art of Jeetkunedo the way that Bruce taught him for over 37 years around the world. The students of Ted Wong often call the version of Ted Wong Jeet Kune Do to differentiate the lineage of Bruce Lee's teachings.
"His final appearance was in Tulsa, OK (September 26 - 27 2010) where he attended to support the 1st TWJKD "Next Generation" event, a gathering consisting mainly of his loyal TWJKD students, coaches and instructors. An event he was proud of. He was accompanied with his wife, Simo Krina, senior mentor, Allen Joe and his wife." - Bob Landers
The World's Greatest Fighter – Joe Lewis (1944-2012)
In 1966, with only 22 months of training, Joe Lewis had won the grand championship of the first tournament he entered, The U.S. Nationals promoted by Jhoon Rhee. Joe Lewis was approached by Bruce Lee in early 1967 in which Bruce Lee asked him to allow him to teach him the different mechanics from his system in which he gave no name for at that time. Joe Lewis first ignored Bruce Lee because he was not fond of Chinese fighters or Kung-fu non-fighting styles in those days. Later Bruce Lee went through Mike Stone, a good friend of Joe Lewis to capture his attention. In 1967 Joe began training privately with Bruce Lee. Bruce Lee would have Joe Lewis test out his theories of fighting at tournaments. Mike Stone and Chuck Norris were also training with Bruce Lee around this time period. Joe Lewis was voted by the top fighters and promoters as the greatest karate fighter of all time in 1983. Chuck Norris and Bill "Superfoot" Wallace tied for second place. Joe Lewis continued his research into the martial arts science which lead to the formation of Joe Lewis Fighting Systems and his annual JLFS research conference. Joe Leiws is also know as the father of American Kickboxing.
"One of Grandmaster Joe Lewis final teaching appearances was in Jackson, MS (March 10, 2012) at the 2nd Fight Clinic. This was also the 1st annual Joe Lewis day. Joe Lewis presented Jeremy Gordon with his black belt certificate, and then presented Jeremy Gordon and Bob Landers with annual training center certificate. Jeremy Gordon, Bob Landers, Rodney Hitchcock and Zane Isaacs were present." – Jeremy Gordon
Jeremy "The Last Dragon" Gordon
Jeremy Gordon began his martial arts career at approximately 3-4 years of age training under various martial arts instructors and styles, including Jeetkunedo, until he met Ted Wong. Around this same time period Jeremy also joined Joe Lewis Fighting Systems. Ted Wong accepted Jeremy as a student by promoting him and authorizing him to teach his teachings in Bruce Lee's philosophical and scientific art of Jeetkunedo. In 2010 his promotion under Ted Wong was made official at the "Ted Wong Jeet Kune Do the Next Generation" training camp hosted by Bob Landers in Tulsa, OK. In 2012, at the 2nd Annual Jeet Kune Do Fight Clinic, Jeremy Gordon received his black belt from Joe Lewis and his Authorized Training Center license for Joe Lewis Fighting Systems from Joe Lewis. Jeremy Gordon, Rodney Hitchcock and Bob Landers founded Triad Jeet Kune Do™.
"The Jeet Kune Do Fight Clinic or The Fight Clinic was a way to honor Bruce Lee, Ted Wong and Joe Lewis. These individuals have given a lot to the martial arts and we will continue to honor the legacy that has been passed down to us, the next generation. Jeremy still continues his training in Ted Wong's teachings of Bruce Lee's Jeet Kune Do and Joe Lewis teachings of the martial arts." – Jeremy Gordon
Triad Jeet Kune Do™ - The Next Generation
The mission of Triad Jeet Kune Do™ is to continue to perpetuate the teachings of the art of Jeetkunedo. We will maintain the integrity of the philosophical and scientific art of Jeetkunedo by honoring Si Gung Bruce Lee, and Sifu Ted Wong. We will do this by staying true to their teachings and continuing to grow while never to becoming stagnant on the journey. We will not add from external sources, but rather to creating from within. We will keep the art of Jeetkunedo alive by preparing the next generation and sharing our knowledge. We will find our own way and become true to ourselves.